A white-naped crane (Grus or Antigone vipio) from the Tierpark Röhrensee, a mini-zoo situated in Bayreuth, Germany. The few cages and enclosures are distributed along the alleys of a small public park, on free display for its visitors.
I caught the birds in the middle of a preening session.
These birds are native of Eastern Asia (see range map including winter migrations below) where their conservation status is vulnerable according to the IUCN Red List. The species is mainly threatened by the destruction of wetlands, their prime habitat, through land conversion for agriculture and increasing demand for freshwater by local populations.
This problem exists in both breeding grounds (northern China, north-east Mongolia and south-east Russia) and wintering grounds (along the border between the two Koreas, in China along the Yangtze River and in Japan’s southernmost island, Kyushu). Other threats include damming, increasing human disturbance, poisoning by pesticides and diseases.
A 2012 survey estimated the total number of wild individuals to be around 5,500 to 6,500.
Location: Bayreuth, Germany